Normally, for a sperm to fertilize an egg, it should have a normal oval head, neck and a tail. Teratospermia or teratozoospermia is a condition characterized by presence of large numbers of sperm with an abnormal appearance in a man’s semen. When more than 60% of the sperm have malformations, it can interfere with fertility; A normal sperm has an oval-shaped head, a well-defined cap (acrosome) that covers part of the head, and a single midpiece and tail. During the production of sperm in the testicle (which takes about 78to90 days!), defects often occur. The presence of abnormally-shaped sperm can negatively affect fertility by reducing sperm motility and/or preventing sperm from penetrating the ovum. Achieving a pregnancy may be difficult .Many infertile men have sperm samples which have low sperm counts, with poor motility and many abnormally shaped sperms. This is called oligoasthenoteratozoopsermia
The causes of teratospermia are unknown in most cases. However, Hodgkin’s disease, coeliac disease, and Crohn’s disease may contribute in some instances. Metabolic and hormonal imbalances are common culprits, as they can interfere with the process of sperm maturation, and may create abnormalities like unusually large or small heads or malformed tails, small sperm, large sperm, and sperm with defects in the head, tail, and mid-piece. In cases of globozoospermia (sperm with round heads), the Golgi apparatus is not transformed into the acrosome that is needed for fertilization.
Types of Teratozoospermia
Teratozoospermia can either be mild, moderate or severe. Other than that, they are also classified according to their appearance or the abnormality they present.
1] Polymorphic teratozoospermia
In this kind of teratozoospermia, the bulk of spermatozoa exhibit more than one anomaly.
2] Monomorphic teratozoospermia
This kind of abnormality shows only one type of anomaly, anomaly in the structure of the head. This comes in several types, too, such as:Round head,Amorphous head,Small head,Tapering head,Pin head
Mid piece anomaly
This is presented by circular spermatic heads with nonappearance of mid-piece and tail.
4. Enlarged head teratozoospermia–In this kind of teratozoospermia, most of the spermatozoa possess an enlarged head with multiple tails and an abnormal acrosome.
Homoeopathic Treatment for Teratozoospermia
Homeopathy treatment corrects Spermatogenesis by making harmony in hormone. as well as other associate condition. This condition can be cured with homeopathic medicine within a number of months. The course of treatment should be minimum 5to 6 months .Poor sperm formation comes from poor cell formation, so the medicine must act in the cellular level. Homeopathic medicine cam alone act in the cellular level